Document Detail


Effects of posture and bronchoconstriction on low-frequency input and transfer impedances in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14966017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We simultaneously evaluated the mechanical response of the total respiratory system, lung, and chest wall to changes in posture and to bronchoconstriction. We synthesized the optimal ventilation waveform (OVW) approach, which simultaneously provides ventilation and multifrequency forcing, with optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) to measure chest wall flow globally and locally. We applied an OVW containing six frequencies from 0.156 to 4.6 Hz to the mouth of six healthy men in the seated and supine positions, before and after methacholine challenge. We measured mouth, esophageal, and transpulmonary pressures, airway flow by pneumotachometry, and total chest wall, pulmonary rib cage, and abdominal volumes by OEP. We computed total respiratory, lung, and chest wall input impedances and the total and regional transfer impedances (Ztr). These data were appropriately sensitive to changes in posture, showing added resistance in supine vs. seated position. The Ztr were also highly sensitive to lung constriction, more so than input impedance, as the former is minimally distorted by shunting of flow into alveolar gas compression and airway walls. Local impedances show that, during bronchoconstriction and at typical breathing frequencies, the contribution of the abdomen becomes amplified relative to the rib cage. A similar redistribution occurs when passing from seated to supine. These data suggest that the OEP-OVW approach for measuring Ztr could noninvasively track important lung and respiratory conditions, even in subjects who cannot cooperate. Applications might range from routine evaluation of airway hyperreactivity in asthmatic subjects to critical conditions in the supine position during mechanical ventilation.
Authors:
Raffaele L Dellacà; Lauren D Black; Haytham Atileh; Antonio Pedotti; Kenneth R Lutchen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2004-02-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  97     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-28     Completed Date:  2004-12-20     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, I-20133 Milano, Italy. raffaele.dellaca@polimi.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Airway Resistance / physiology
Biomechanics
Bronchoconstriction / physiology*
Elasticity
Functional Residual Capacity
Humans
Lung / physiology
Male
Oxygen / blood
Posture / physiology*
Respiratory Mechanics
Supine Position / physiology
Thoracic Wall / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
62269//PHS HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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