Document Detail

Effects of positive end expiratory pressure during ventilation of the preterm infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3931563     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Twenty two babies receiving artificial ventilator support were studied on 29 occasions to determine the effects of low levels of positive end expiratory pressure. Mean positive end expiratory pressure during these studies was 2.6 cm H2O. Changes in tidal volume, minute volume, compliance, and transcutaneous gas trends produced by the use of positive end expiratory pressure were investigated. Positive end expiratory pressure consistently caused a rise in transcutaneous oxygen tension. Changes in transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension after the introduction of positive end expiratory pressure were less consistent and not of the same magnitude as the observed reduction in minute ventilation. Compliance values fell with the use of positive end expiratory pressure.
D Field; A D Milner; I E Hopkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1985 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-18     Completed Date:  1985-11-18     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Apnea / physiopathology*,  therapy
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / physiopathology*,  therapy
Oxygen / blood
Positive-Pressure Respiration*
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / physiopathology*,  therapy
Respiratory Function Tests
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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