Document Detail


Effects of poisoning on predatory and ingestive behavior toward artificial prey in rats (Rattus norvegicus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2840238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ingestion of novel prey by vertebrate predators that is followed by illness typically decreases the predators' eating the prey more readily than their pursuing or killing it. We used artificial prey-food items (rolling ball bearings that predicted food pellets) to model and extend this finding in laboratory rats. During daily experimental sessions presentations of a novel bearing-food combination were intermixed with presentations of a familiar bearing-food combination. The poisoned animals received lithium chloride injections after each session. Experiment 1a showed that: (a) Poisoning markedly decreased ingestion of the novel food without decreasing the frequency of contact (nose, seize, carry, or chew) with the novel bearing predicting that food. (b) However, poisoning did significantly decrease the average duration of contact with the novel bearing. (c) Poisoning did not decrease behavior toward the familiar food and bearing. Experiment 1b showed that after moderate exposure to pairings of the novel food and bearing, poisoning decreased behavior toward both novel and familiar food and bearings. The results indicate that important aspects of predation can be simulated and examined in the laboratory by using artificial prey-food items. These results also support the conclusions that predatory behavior and ingestion reflect separable modes of behavior and that the presence of novel prey interferes with the generalization of poisoning effects to familiar prey.
Authors:
W Timberlake; T Melcer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983)     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0735-7036     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comp Psychol     Publication Date:  1988 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-09-01     Completed Date:  1988-09-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309850     Medline TA:  J Comp Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  182-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Appetitive Behavior / drug effects*
Chlorides / toxicity*
Conditioning, Classical / drug effects*
Eating / drug effects*
Generalization, Stimulus / drug effects
Lithium / toxicity*
Lithium Chloride
Male
Predatory Behavior / drug effects*
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 7439-93-2/Lithium; 7447-41-8/Lithium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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