Document Detail


Effects of paraspinal fatigue on lower extremity motoneuron excitability in individuals with a history of low back pain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21388827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Individuals with low back pain (LBP) have been shown to demonstrate decreased quadriceps activation following lumbar paraspinal fatigue. The response of other lower extremity muscles is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine changes in motoneuron pool excitability of the vastus medialis, fibularis longus, and soleus following lumbar paraspinal fatigue in individuals with and without a history of LBP. A controlled laboratory study was used to compare motoneuron pool excitability before and after a lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise. Twenty individuals (10 with history of LBP) performed isometric lumbar paraspinal exercise until a 25% shift in paraspinal muscle surface electromyography median frequency occurred. Motoneuron pool excitability, using H/M ratios of the vastus medialis, fibularis longus, and soleus before and immediately after a lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise. There was a significant (P=.03) increase of 15% in soleus H/M ratio in both groups following lumbar paraspinal fatigue. Neither group demonstrated changes in vastus medialis (P=.80) or fibularis longus (P=.86). Soleus motoneuron pool excitability increased following lumbar paraspinal fatigue independent of group allocation and occurred in the absence of changes in vastus medialis or fibularis longus muscles. Increased soleus motoneuron pool excitability may be a postural response to preserve lower extremity function.
Authors:
Elizabeth A Bunn; Terry L Grindstaff; Joseph M Hart; Jay Hertel; Christopher D Ingersoll
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5711     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109125     Medline TA:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States.
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