Document Detail


Effects of ozone on peripheral lung reactivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6629914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In previous studies, we demonstrated that local exposures to the lung periphery to 0.1 ppm ozone (O3) produce increases in resistance to flow through the collateral system (Rcs) which are prevented by vagotomy, and the local exposures to 1.0 ppm O3 produces increases in Rcs which are only partially mediated by the parasympathetic system. In the present studies, we evaluated the effects of short exposures to O3 on reactions to H2O and histamine in anesthetized male dogs when no residual effects of the O3 exposures could be detected. For this purpose a fiber-optic bronchoscope was wedged in a segmental airway of anesthetized dogs and was used to deliver O3, aerosols of H2O, histamine (1.5 X 10(-4) mg), and atropine (0.1 mg). Measurements of Rcs were used to monitor responses to these agents. Responses to three successive challenges with H2O and with histamine were not different from each other. A 30-min exposure to 0.1 ppm O3 between the first and second challenge did not alter responses to histamine or H2O. However, a 10-min exposure to 1.0 ppm O3 resulted in a significant increase in responses to both H2O and histamine. No correlation was noted between the magnitude of response to O3 and the increase in response to histamine or H2O following O3 exposure. Parasympathetic blockade (atropine or bilateral cervical vagotomy) abolished the increase in response to H2O but not the increase in response to histamine following exposure to 1.0 ppm O3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
A Gertner; B Bromberger-Barnea; R Traystman; H Menkes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1983 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-12-17     Completed Date:  1983-12-17     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  777-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dogs
Histamine / immunology
Lung / drug effects*,  immunology
Male
Nerve Block
Ozone / pharmacology*
Vagus Nerve / physiology
Water / pharmacology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
ES-03018/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; HL-10342/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; OH-07090/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10028-15-6/Ozone; 51-45-6/Histamine; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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