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Effects of oxytocin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and polyunsaturated fatty acids on prostaglandin secretion and gene expression in equine endometrial explant cultures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23063410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increased secretion of prostaglandin F(2)α (PGF(2)α) within the uterus because of uterine inflammation can cause luteolysis and result in early embryonic loss. Supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been shown to influence PG production in many species, although the effects on the mare remain unknown. The present study aimed to determine fatty acid uptake in equine endometrial explants and evaluate their influence on PG secretion and expression of enzymes involved in PG synthesis in vitro. Equine endometrial explants were treated with 100 μM arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, or docosahexaenoic acid and then challenged with oxytocin (250 nM) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 μg/mL). Production of PGF(2)α and PG E(2) (PGE(2)) was measured, and mRNA expression of enzymes involved in PG synthesis was determined with quantitative real-time PCR. Media concentrations of PGF(2)α and PGE(2) were higher (P < 0.0001) from endometrial explants challenged with oxytocin or LPS compared with controls despite which fatty acid was added. Only DHA lowered (P < 0.0001) media concentrations of PGF(2)α and PGE(2) from explants. Endometrial explants stimulated with oxytocin had increased expression of PG-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1; P < 0.02), PG-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2; P < 0.001), PG F(2)α synthase (PGFS; P < 0.01), PG E(2) synthase (PGES; P < 0.01), and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2); P < 0.005) compared with controls and regardless of fatty acid treatment; whereas stimulation with LPS increased expression of PTGS2 (P < 0.004), PGFS (P < 0.03), PGES (P < 0.01), and PLA(2) (P < 0.01) compared with controls and regardless of fatty acid treatment. Treatment with PUFAs, specifically DHA, can influence PG secretion in vitro through mechanisms other than enzyme expression.
Authors:
L V Penrod; R E Allen; J L Turner; S W Limesand; M J Arns
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Domestic animal endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0054     ISO Abbreviation:  Domest. Anim. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505191     Medline TA:  Domest Anim Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, The University of Arizona, Arizona 85721, USA. Electronic address: penrodl@email.arizona.edu.
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