Document Detail


Effects of oxygenation and hypercapnia on diaphragmatic function and central drive during respiratory failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7649910     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of oxygenation and hypercapnia on diaphragmatic function and central drives were assessed during the development of respiratory failure in anesthetized unbound spontaneously breathing rabbits. Oxygenation significantly altered endurance times, whereas hypercapnia had no effect. Isolated high-frequency contractile fatigue of the diaphragm was found in hyperoxic animals; all other animals had no evidence of contractile fatigue. Oxygenation and hypercapnia did not significantly alter the response of breathing frequency or duty cycle to loading. In all animals, there was a falloff in the intensity of central drive before apnea, with intensity of central drive remaining submaximal throughout loading. Oxygenation significantly altered the time and/or load at which drive intensity fell off, although critical blood gas levels were not associated with the falloff in intensity. We conclude that oxygenation influences the development of respiratory failure during inspiratory loading but does not directly explain the alterations is central drive. On the other hand, hypercapnia has no direct effect on respiratory muscle function or central drives during loading to respiratory failure. When the effects of hypoxemia are obviated by hyperoxia, high-frequency contractile fatigue may occur.
Authors:
G T Ferguson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  78     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-27     Completed Date:  1995-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1764-71     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80206, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Apnea / physiopathology
Blood Gas Analysis
Diaphragm / physiopathology*
Electric Stimulation
Hypercapnia / physiopathology*
Male
Muscle Contraction / drug effects,  physiology
Muscle Fatigue / physiology
Organ Size / physiology
Oxygen / toxicity*
Phrenic Nerve / physiology
Rabbits
Respiratory Insufficiency / chemically induced,  physiopathology*
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-02225/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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