Document Detail

Effects of oxygen fraction in inspired air on rowing performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7791589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study examined the effect of oxygen fraction in inspired air (FIO2) on exercise performance and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max). Six national level male rowers exercised three 2500-m all-out tests on a Concept II rowing ergometer. Each subject performed one test in normoxia (FIO2 20.9%), one in simulated hyperoxia (FIO2 62.2%) and one in simulated hypoxia (FIO2 15.8%) in a randomized single-blind fashion. The mean final rowing time was 2.3 +/- 0.9% (P < 0.01; 95% CI 1.4-3.2) shorter in hyperoxia and 5.3 +/- 1.8% (P < 0.01; 95% CI 3.1-7.5) longer in hypoxia when compared with normoxia. The effect of FIO2 on VO2max exceeded its effect on exercise performance as VO2max was 11.1 +/- 5.7% greater (P < 0.01; 95% CI 5.1-17.1) in hyperoxia and 15.5 +/- 3.2% smaller in hypoxia (P < 0.01; 95% CI 12.2-19.0) than in normoxia. Blood lactate concentration and O2 consumption per power unit (ml O2.W-1) failed to indicate statistically significant differences in anaerobic metabolism between normoxia and the other two conditions. These data suggest that there are other parameters besides those of energy metabolism that affect exercise performance as FIO2 is modified. These possible mechanisms are discussed in this paper.
J E Peltonen; J Rantamäki; S P Niittymäki; K Sweins; J T Viitasalo; H K Rusko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-26     Completed Date:  1995-07-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  573-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Helsinki Research Institute for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Air / analysis*
Exercise / physiology*
Heart Rate
Oxygen / analysis*
Oxygen Consumption*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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