Document Detail


Effects of ovarian hormones on eating behaviors, body weight, and glucoregulation in rhesus monkeys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2663699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The influences of ovarian hormones on food intake, taste preferences, and glucoregulation were examined in intact and ovariectomized rhesus monkeys. Intake of intact monkeys was lowest in the preovulatory stage of the cycle, when estrogen levels are elevated, and exogenous estradiol transiently suppressed food intake of ovariectomized monkeys in a dose-related manner, confirming previous observations. Progesterone treatment did not affect food intake when given alone, but it did attenuate the effect of estradiol when both hormones were given concurrently. Preferences for sweet solutions were not detectably influenced by chronic treatment with estradiol or progesterone, and compensatory responses to ingestion of sugar were unaltered by hormone treatment. Glucose tolerance tests did not reveal significant influences of ovarian hormones on glycemia, but insulin levels were elevated during periods of progesterone treatment. These results do not support the suggestion that fluctuations in caloric intake during the menstrual cycle are secondary to changes in taste preference or glucoregulation. However, possible changes in sweet preference and glucoregulation shortly after initiation of estrogen treatment, i.e., during the time of suppressed food intake, remain to be examined.
Authors:
J W Kemnitz; J R Gibber; K A Lindsay; S G Eisele
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hormones and behavior     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0018-506X     ISO Abbreviation:  Horm Behav     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-17     Completed Date:  1989-08-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217764     Medline TA:  Horm Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53715-1299.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Body Weight*
Estradiol / physiology*
Estrus / physiology
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Female
Insulin / blood
Macaca mulatta
Ovariectomy
Ovary / physiology*
Progesterone / physiology*
Taste / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RR00167/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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