Document Detail


Effects of the order of running and cycling of similar intensity and duration on pulmonary diffusing capacity in triathletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12898268     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To study the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the decrease of post-triathlon diffusing capacity (DLco), blood rheologic properties (blood viscosity: eta(b); changes in plasma volume: deltaPV) and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) were assessed in ten triathletes during cycle-run (CR) and run-cycle (RC) trials at a metabolic intensity of 75% of maximal oxygen consumption ( VO(2max)). The DLco was measured before and 10 min after trials. ANF and deltaPV were measured at rest, after the cycle and run of CR and RC trials, and at the end of and 10 min after exercise. RC led to a greater deltaDLco decrease, a lower ANF concentration and a lower deltaPV than did CR, whereas for both CR and RC eta(b) was increased throughout exercise and 10 min after. In addition, after CR the deltaDLco decrease was inversely correlated ( r=-0.764; P<0.01) with deltaPV. The association of decreased plasma volume, increased eta(b), and lower ANF concentrations after RC suggested that lower blood pulmonary volume may have caused the greater decrease in Dlco as compared with CR. The inverse correlation between deltaPV and deltaDLco reinforces the hypothesis that fluid shifts limit the post-exercise DLco decrease after the CR succession in triathletes. Lastly, cycling in the crouched position might increase intra-thoracic pressure, decrease thorax volume due to the forearm position on the handlebars, and weaken peripheral muscular pump efficacy, all of which would limit venous return to the heart, and thus result in low pulmonary blood volume. Compared with cycling, running appeared to induce the opposite effects.
Authors:
Olivier Galy; Olivier Hue; Alain Boussana; Christelle Peyreigne; Isabelle Couret; Daniel Le Gallais; Jacques Mercier; Christian Préfaut
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2003-07-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-08-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  489-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire ACTES, Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, Campus de Fouillole, Antilles-Guyane, 97159, Pointe à Pitre Cedex, France. galy.o@wanadoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bicycling / physiology*
Blood Volume
Carbon Monoxide / metabolism
Female
Heart Atria / chemistry
Humans
Lung / blood supply
Male
Natriuretic Agents / analysis*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Posture
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity / physiology*
Running / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Natriuretic Agents; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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