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Effects of one-lung ventilation on thermodilution-derived assessment of cardiac output.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22440313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: /st>Cardiac output (CO) monitoring can be useful in high-risk patients during one-lung ventilation (OLV), but it is unclear whether thermodilution-derived CO monitoring is valid during OLV. Therefore, we compared pulmonary artery (CO(PATD)) and transcardiopulmonary thermodilution (CO(TPTD)) with an experimental reference in a porcine model. METHODS: /st>CO(PATD) and CO(TPTD) were measured in 23 pigs during double-lung ventilation (DLV) and 15 min after the onset of OLV, during conditions of normovolaemia and after haemorrhage. An ultrasonic flow probe placed around the pulmonary artery (CO(PAFP)) was used for reference. RESULTS: /st>The range of CO in these experiments was 1.5-3 litre min(-1). Normovolaemia: during DLV and conditions of normovolaemia, the mean (95% limits of agreement) bias for CO(PATD) compared with CO(PAFP) was -0.05 (-0.92 and 0.83) litre min(-1), and 0.58 (-0.40 and 1.55) litre min(-1) for CO(TPTD). During OLV, the bias for CO(PATD) remained unchanged at 0.08 (-0.51 and 0.66) litre min(-1), P=0.15, and the bias for CO(TPTD) increased significantly to 0.85 (0.05 and 1.64) litre min(-1), P=0.047. Hypovolaemia: during DLV, the bias for CO(PATD) compared with CO(PAFP) was 0.22 (-0.20 and 0.66) litre min(-1) and for CO(TPTD) was 0.60 (0.12 and 1.10) litre min(-1). There was no significant change of bias during OLV for CO(PATD) [0.30 (-0.10 and 0.70) (litre min(-1)), P=0.25] or bias CO(TPTD) [0.72 (0.21 and 1.22) (litre min(-1)), P=0.14]. Trending ability during OLV, quantified by the mean of angles θ, showed good values for both CO(PATD) (θ=11.2°) and CO(TPTD) (θ=1.3°). CONCLUSIONS: /st>CO(TPTD) is, to some extent, affected by OLV, whereas CO(PATD) is unchanged. Nonetheless, both methods provide an acceptable estimation of CO and particularly of relative changes of CO during OLV.
C Trepte; S Haas; N Meyer; M Gebhardt; M S Goepfert; A E Goetz; D A Reuter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anaesthesiology, Center of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany.
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