Document Detail


Effects of oat-bran concentrate on rat serum lipids and liver fat infiltration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8297914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oat bran concentrated with respect to both soluble and insoluble dietary fibre was fed to adult rats, and its effects on serum cholesterol and liver fat infiltration were studied. The feeds contained 15, 30 or 45 g beta-glucan/kg, except in control groups where the fibre of the feed was cellulose. Half the experimental groups received the feeds with an addition of 10 g cholesterol and 2 g cholic acid/kg in order to create an hypercholesterolaemic condition. In normocholesterolaemic rats the concentrated oat bran did not cause any significant changes in serum cholesterol concentrations, but reduced liver weight compared with control group rats fed on the cellulose-containing diet. In hypercholesterolaemic rats the concentrated oat bran reduced serum total cholesterol and increased high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentration. The effect was seen already at the 15 g/kg concentration of beta-glucan, the higher doses tested did not significantly improve the effect. Infiltration of fat into liver cells, especially in the periportal areas, was observed only in hypercholesterolaemic animals. The fat infiltration was accentuated in proportion to the amount of oat-bran concentrate fed.
Authors:
Y Mälkki; R Törrönen; K Pelkonen; O Myllymäki; O Hänninen; K Syrjänen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-10     Completed Date:  1994-03-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  767-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Food Research Laboratory, Espoo.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cellulose / administration & dosage
Cereals*
Cholesterol / blood*
Dietary Fiber*
Fatty Liver / metabolism*,  pathology
Glucans / administration & dosage
Liver / metabolism*,  pathology
Male
Rats
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glucans; 57-88-5/Cholesterol; 9004-34-6/Cellulose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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