Document Detail


Effects of nutritional supplements on aggression, rule-breaking, and psychopathology among young adult prisoners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20014286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In an earlier study, improvement of dietary status with food supplements led to a reduction in antisocial behavior among prisoners. Based on these earlier findings, a study of the effects of food supplements on aggression, rule-breaking, and psychopathology was conducted among young Dutch prisoners. Two hundred and twenty-one young adult prisoners (mean age=21.0, range 18-25 years) received nutritional supplements containing vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids or placebos, over a period of 1-3 months. As in the earlier (British) study, reported incidents were significantly reduced (P=.017, one-tailed) in the active condition (n=115), as compared with placebo (n=106). Other assessments, however, revealed no significant reductions in aggressiveness or psychiatric symptoms. As the incidents reported concerned aggressive and rule-breaking behavior as observed by the prison staff, the results are considered to be promising. However, as no significant improvements were found in a number of other (self-reported) outcome measures, the results should be interpreted with caution.
Authors:
Ap Zaalberg; Henk Nijman; Erik Bulten; Luwe Stroosma; Cees van der Staak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aggressive behavior     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1098-2337     ISO Abbreviation:  Aggress Behav     Publication Date:    2010 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-15     Completed Date:  2010-05-20     Revised Date:  2011-05-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502265     Medline TA:  Aggress Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
WODC, Ministry of Justice, The Hague, The Netherlands. a.zaalberg@minjus.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression / psychology*
Catchment Area (Health)
Dietary Supplements*
Humans
Juvenile Delinquency / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data*
Male
Netherlands / epidemiology
Nutritional Status*
Prevalence
Prisoners / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data*
Questionnaires
Social Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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