Document Detail

Effects of non-nutritive sucking and oral stimulation on breastfeeding rates for preterm, low birth weight infants: a randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18923786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of non-nutritive sucking and oral stimulation programs on breastfeeding rates at discharge, at 3 and at 6 months of corrected age in preterm infants with very low birth weight. METHODS: Preterm infants were randomized into experimental and control groups. Ninety-eight preterm infants were randomized and 96 remained in the study until reaching the corrected age of 6 months. The experimental group received sensory-motor-oral stimulation and non-nutritive sucking, while infants in the control group received a sham stimulation program. Both were administered from reaching enteral feeding (100 kcal/kg/day) until the beginning of oral feeding. RESULTS: Fifty-nine infants (61.5%) were breastfeeding at the time of hospital discharge, 31 (36.9%) at 3 months, and only 18 (20.5%) at 6 months of corrected age. At discharge, 46.9% of the control group and 76.5% of the experimental group were breastfeeding. There were statistically significant differences between rates of breastfeeding at discharge (47 vs. 76%), 3 months (18 vs. 47%) and 6 months after discharge (10 vs. 27%). The experimental group showed significantly higher rates of breastfeeding (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Non-nutritive sucking, associated with oral stimulation programs, can contribute to the improvement of breastfeeding rates among preterm infants with very low birth weight.
Hellen P Pimenta; Maria E L Moreira; Adriana Duarte Rocha; Saint Clair Gomes Jr; Liana W Pinto; Sabrina Lopes Lucena
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal de pediatria     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1678-4782     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Publication Date:    2008 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-16     Completed Date:  2009-08-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985188R     Medline TA:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  423-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data*
Case-Control Studies
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / physiology*
Physical Stimulation / methods*
Socioeconomic Factors
Sucking Behavior / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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