Document Detail


Effects of noise and exercise on distortion product otoacoustic emissions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8735069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of physical exercise on both distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE), and on the temporary effects of noise on human cochlear function was examined. Changes in DPOAEs were compared to changes in behavioural thresholds and the possible relation between contralateral suppression of DPOAEs and susceptibility to noise exposure was investigated. Békésy audiometry, tympanometry and DPOAEs were measured in 8 subjects on 3 separate occasions: before and after noise exposure; before and after exercise at 60% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max); and before and after a combination of noise exposure and exercise, all of 10 min duration. Noise exposure was third-octave band noise of 102 dB SPL centered at 2 kHz. The magnitude of the effect of noise exposure on DPOAE amplitude averaged in the 2-4 kHz range was comparable but weakly correlated to the magnitude of the temporary threshold shift (TTS) measured as the change in Békésy threshold at 3 kHz. There was no effect of physical exercise without noise exposure on either the Békésy threshold or the DPOAE amplitude. Physical exercise significantly increased the noise-induced TTS and the effect of noise exposure on DPOAE amplitude. A positive correlation was found between the temporary effect of noise exposure and the contralateral suppression effect on DPOAE amplitude.
Authors:
B Engdahl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hearing research     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0378-5955     ISO Abbreviation:  Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  1996 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-05     Completed Date:  1996-11-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900445     Medline TA:  Hear Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Impedance Tests
Adult
Audiometry
Auditory Threshold / physiology
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Noise / adverse effects*
Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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