Document Detail


Effects of nifedipine and nitroglycerin on left ventricular systolic dysfunction and impaired diastolic filling after exercise-induced ischemia in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8837569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether calcium antagonist, compared with nitroglycerin, administration attenuates left ventricular dysfunction after exercise-induced ischemia in humans. BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced ischemia impairs left ventricular systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise. The mechanism of this phenomenon is unknown but may relate to intracellular calcium overload. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 131 patients before and 30 min, 2 h and 4 h after exercise stress test. Ischemia was defined as a reversible thallium stress defect. No medication, sublingual nitroglycerin or nifedipine was randomly given to each patient at peak exercise. RESULTS: Isovolumetric relaxation time was significantly prolonged from rest (100 +/- 19 ms [mean +/- SD]) to 30 min (118 +/- 20 ms, p < 0.0005), 2 h (117 +/- 18 ms, p < 0.0005) and 4 h (110 +/- 22 ms, p < 0.05) after exercise in 21 patients with exercise-induced ischemia who received no medication (ischemia-none group). Isovolumetric relaxation time similarly increased after exercise in 23 patients who received nitroglycerin and had exercise-induced ischemia (ischemia-NTG group) but was unchanged in 20 patients with exercise-induced ischemia who received nifedipine (ischemia-nifedipine group). Peak early filling velocity decreased in the ischemia-none and ischemia-NTG groups from rest to 30 min and 2 h after exercise, but peak early filling velocity was unchanged in the ischemia-nifedipine group. Ejection fraction decreased from rest to 30 min after exercise in the ischemia-none group (59 +/- 12% vs. 51 +/- 13%, p < 0.025) and ischemia-NTG group (59 +/- 14% vs. 49 +/- 14%, p < 0.005) but was unchanged in the ischemia-nifedipine group (60 +/- 19% vs. 64 +/- 18%, p = NS). A new regional left ventricular wall motion abnormality occurred more frequently 30 min after exercise in the ischemia-none group (11 [52%] of 21) and ischemia-NTG group (9 [39%] of 23) compared with the ischemia-nifedipine group (2 [10%] of 20, both p < 0.05). No change occurred in left ventricular systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise in the control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise-induced ischemia impairs systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise. Sublingual nifedipine but not nitroglycerin attenuates this process and suggests that altered calcium homeostasis may play a role in left ventricular dysfunction that occurs after exercise-induced ischemia.
Authors:
M F Stoddard; S G Wagner; S Ikram; R A Longaker; C R Prince
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-06     Completed Date:  1996-11-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  915-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use*
Echocardiography
Exercise Test
Female
Hemodynamics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nifedipine / therapeutic use*
Nitroglycerin / therapeutic use*
Systole / drug effects*
Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 0/Vasodilator Agents; 21829-25-4/Nifedipine; 55-63-0/Nitroglycerin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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