Document Detail


Effects of nifedipine and diltiazem on hemodynamic responses at rest and during exercise in hypertensive patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4009928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twelve patients with uncomplicated systemic hypertension were treated with nifedipine (30 mg/day) and diltiazem (180 mg/day) for 1 month each, and performed two stage (50 watt and 100 watt) of bicycle ergometer exercise before and after each period of administration. Both drugs produced significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure at rest and during exercise, while the mean values of systolic blood pressure tended to be less with nifedipine than with diltiazem. Nifedipine caused a nonsignificant increase in heart rate at rest and during exercise, but diltiazem significantly decreased it at rest and during exercise. Cardiac output was significantly increased at rest and during mild exercise (50 watt), but not during more strenuous exercise (100 watt) with both drugs. Thus, different actions in arterial vasodilation and chronotropism between nifedipine and diltiazem in usual clinical doses were noted. However, nifedipine and diltiazem may be effective in hypertensive patients, probably with left ventricular dysfunction, because both drugs reduced systemic blood pressure even during exercise with simultaneous increase in cardiac output at rest and during mild exercise.
Authors:
T Yamakado; N Oonishi; T Nakano; H Takezawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese circulation journal     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0047-1828     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. Circ. J.     Publication Date:  1985 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-08-20     Completed Date:  1985-08-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806868     Medline TA:  Jpn Circ J     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  415-21     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Benzazepines / pharmacology*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology*
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Diltiazem / pharmacology*
Female
Heart Rate / drug effects
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Humans
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects
Nifedipine / pharmacology*
Physical Exertion*
Rest
Stroke Volume / drug effects
Vasodilation / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzazepines; 0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 21829-25-4/Nifedipine; 42399-41-7/Diltiazem

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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