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Effects of naloxone and animal temperament on serum luteinizing hormone and cortisol concentrations in seasonally anestrous Brahman heifers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16726847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of endogenous opioid peptides (EOP) and individual animal temperament on serum luteinizing hormone (LH) were investigated in seasonally anestrous Brahman heifers (n = 24). Animals that had shown behavioral estrus in previous months but that had not returned to estrus for at least 30 d were selected. The heifers were ranked by temperament (tame = 1, normal = 2, wild = 3) and randomly allotted into three groups. Blood was collected from one heifer of each group per day. Blood samples were taken via jugular cannula every 15 min for 6 h and every 30 min for another 4 h. After the first hour of sampling, the heifers received intravenous saline (SAL, n = 8); naloxone (LN, 0.5 mg/kg i.v., n = 8); or naloxone (HN, 1.0 mg/kg i.v., n = 8). Three hours after naloxone treatment, each heifer was given gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH, 100 microg i.m.). All samples were processed to yield serum and were assayed for LH by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Hourly samples were assayed for cortisol by RIA. The area under the LH curve 60 min postnaloxone treatment was higher in LN and HN than in SAL (57.0 and 40.8 vs 6.1 units; P<0.01); and the area under the 180 min postnaloxone curve remained higher in LN than in SAL (106.2 vs 35.1 units; P<0.05). Cortisol concentrations 60 min postnaloxone administration were above prenaloxone levels(38.2 vs 26.7 ng/ml; P<0.0002). Temperament scores of heifers were positively correlated with cortisol release. The area under the cortisol curve had a negative correlation with mean LH. Serum LH concentrations appear to be suppressed by EOP in seasonally anestrous Brahman heifers, and EOP appear to reduce serum cortisol concentrations. Excitable heifers had higher concentrations of serum cortisol, which negatively affected serum LH concentrations.
Authors:
R C Stahringer; R D Randel; D A Neuendorff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  2009-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  393-406     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University, Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Overton, TX 75684, USA.
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