Document Detail


Effects of myocardial infarction on catheter defibrillation threshold.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6843409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Because the automatic implantable defibrillator may be used in patients having ischemic heart disease, it is important to know whether myocardial ischemia changes the threshold for ventricular defibrillation under experimental conditions simulating automatic internal defibrillation. We determined changes in ventricular defibrillation threshold following coronary occlusion, using an electrode catheter designed for use with an automatic implantable defibrillator. Acute myocardial ischemia was produced without thoracotomy in 10 dogs (experimental group) by embolization with a plastic bead injected via a catheter into the left coronary artery. A control group of 4 dogs had only saline injected into the artery. Defibrillation threshold was measured at 15-min intervals from 1 hour before embolization to 2 hours after embolization. In the control group, voltage, current, energy, and impedance were unchanged after injection of saline into the coronary artery, and india ink perfusion revealed no ischemic areas. In the experimental group postembolization threshold current and energy were significantly higher than preembolization values: 0.47 vs 0.40 A/kg and 1.01 vs 0.80 J/kg, respectively (p less than 0.01). The magnitude of the peak change in threshold current after embolization was positively correlated (r = 0.79) with the size of the ischemic zone, determined by weighing unstained areas after india ink perfusion. Defibrillation threshold for a catheter electrode configuration increases for at least 2 hours following onset of acute myocardial ischemia. This finding must be accounted for in the design and use of an automatic implantable defibrillator.
Authors:
C F Babbs; R L Paris; W A Tacker; J D Bourland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical instrumentation     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0090-6689     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Instrum     Publication Date:    1983 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-06-10     Completed Date:  1983-06-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361136     Medline TA:  Med Instrum     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Catheterization
Dogs
Electric Countershock*
Electrodes
Myocardial Infarction / complications,  physiopathology*
Ventricular Fibrillation / etiology,  therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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