Document Detail

Effects of muscle kinematics on surface EMG amplitude and frequency during fatiguing dynamic contractions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9029209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fifteen male subjects performed a repetitive elbow flexion/extension task with a 7-kg mass until exhaustion. Average joint angle, angular velocity, and biceps brachii surface electromyographic (EMG) amplitude (aEMG) and mean power frequency (MPF) were calculated with each consecutive 250-ms segment of data during the entire trial. Data were separated into concentric or eccentric phases and into seven 20 degree-ranges from 0 to 140 degrees of elbow flexion. A regression analysis was used to estimate the rested and fatigued aEMG and MPF values. aEMG values were expressed as a percentage of amplitudes from maximum voluntary contractions (MVC). Under rested dynamic conditions, the average concentric aEMG amplitude was 10% MVC higher than average eccentric values. Rested MPF values were similar for concentric and eccentric phases, although values increased approximately 20 Hz from the most extended to flexed joint angles. Fatigue resulted in an average increase in concentric and eccentric aEMG of 35 and 10% MVC, respectively. The largest concentric aEMG increases (up to 58% MVC) were observed at higher joint velocities, whereas eccentric increases appeared to be related to decreases in velocity. Fatigue had a similar effect on MPF during both concentric and eccentric phases. Larger MPF decreases were observed at shorter muscle lengths such that values within each angle range were very similar by the end of the trial. It was hypothesized that this finding may reflect a biological minimum in conduction velocity before propagation failure occurs.
J R Potvin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  82     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-28     Completed Date:  1997-04-28     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Biology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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