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Effects of multisensory environments on stereotyped behaviours assessed as maintained by automatic reinforcement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23055285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the sensory equipment provided in a multi-sensory environment (MSE) and the level of social contact provided on levels of stereotyped behaviours assessed as being maintained by automatic reinforcement. Method  Stereotyped and engaged behaviours of two young people with severe intellectual disabilities were observed while the participants were either in a living room or in a MSE and receiving either high or low levels of interaction from carers. Results  For both participants, levels of stereotyped behaviour were lower in the MSE irrespective of the level of carer attention received, while levels of engagement were higher under conditions of high carer attention in both environments. Conclusions  The results are consistent with the hypothesis that reductions in stereotyped behaviour observed in MSEs are due to the increased levels of specific sensory stimulation provided by such environments.
Authors:
Lindsay Hill; Karen Trusler; Frederick Furniss; Giulio Lancioni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities : JARID     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1468-3148     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Res Intellect Disabil     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9613616     Medline TA:  J Appl Res Intellect Disabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK Lindsay Hill is now with Tees, Esk and Wear Valleys NHS Foundation Trust, Middlesbrough, UK University of Leeds, Leeds, UK The Hesley Group, Doncaster and University of Leicester, Leicester, UK University of Bari, Bari, Italy.
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