Document Detail

Effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium-vitamin-D3-fortified milk on bone mineral density in older men: a randomised controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18958384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
SUMMARY: We examined the independent and combined effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium-vitamin-D(3)-fortified milk on bone mineral density (BMD) in older men. Exercise resulted in a 1.8% net gain in femoral neck BMD, but additional calcium-vitamin D(3) did not enhance the response in this group of older well-nourished men. INTRODUCTION: This 12-month randomised controlled trial assessed whether calcium-vitamin-D(3)-fortified milk could enhance the effects of a multi-component exercise program on BMD in older men. METHODS: Men (n = 180) aged 50-79 years were randomised into: (1) exercise + fortified milk; (2) exercise; (3) fortified milk; or (4) controls. Exercise consisted of high intensity progressive resistance training with weight-bearing impact exercise. Men assigned to fortified milk consumed 400 mL/day of low fat milk providing an additional 1,000 mg/day calcium and 800 IU/day vitamin D(3). Femoral neck (FN), total hip, lumbar spine and trochanter BMD and body composition (DXA), muscle strength 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were assessed. RESULTS: There were no exercise-by-fortified milk interactions at any skeletal site. Exercise resulted in a 1.8% net gain in FN BMD relative to no-exercise (p < 0.001); lean mass (0.6 kg, p < 0.05) and muscle strength (20-52%, p < 0.001) also increased in response to exercise. For lumbar spine BMD, there was a net 1.4-1.5% increase in all treatment groups relative to controls (all p < 0.01). There were no main effects of fortified milk at any skeletal site. CONCLUSION: A multi-component community-based exercise program was effective for increasing FN BMD in older men, but additional calcium-vitamin D(3) did not enhance the osteogenic response.
S Kukuljan; C A Nowson; S L Bass; K Sanders; G C Nicholson; M J Seibel; J Salmon; R M Daly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1433-2965     ISO Abbreviation:  Osteoporos Int     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100105     Medline TA:  Osteoporos Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1241-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.
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