Document Detail


Effects of minimum sampling rate and signal reconstruction on surface electromyographic signals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15935959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Signal oversampling is frequently used to prevent distortion in time-series representations. When sampling at rates just above the Nyquist critical frequency (f(c)), Shannon's reconstruction theorem provides an alternative means of circumventing this problem. The purpose of this study was to determine whether surface electromyographic (EMG) data is compromised when sampled just above f(c) and whether Shannon's reconstruction theorem can correct these deficiencies, if present. Brief isometric elbow flexion contractions were performed at 100%, 80%, 50%, 25%, 10%, 5% and 2.5% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) followed by one trial of random cyclic isometric contractions and relaxations. The 2kHz signal was resampled at 1kHz and the 2 and 1kHz signals were reconstructed (2RS and 1RS, respectively) to a sampling rate of 20kHz. Data were full-wave rectified (FWR) and low-pass filtered (LE). Peak amplitudes of the FWR and LE signals, average EMG (AEMG) amplitudes of the FWR and LE signals, mean power frequency of the raw data, number of gaps, and mean gap time of the LE signals were calculated. Significant differences were present in peak EMG and AEMG measurements between the 1 and 2kHz, 2RS and 20kHz signals and occasionally between the 1RS and the 2kHz, 2RS and 20kHz signals. These differences, although statistically significant were quite small amounting to less than 0.5% MVC. No significant differences were found for the gaps parameters. The small differences seen, coupled with the processing time required for signal reconstruction, make oversampling as well as signal reconstruction in surface EMG measurements unnecessary.
Authors:
Jennifer L Durkin; Jack P Callaghan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2005-04-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1050-6411     ISO Abbreviation:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-06     Completed Date:  2005-12-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109125     Medline TA:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  474-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ont., Canada N2L 3G1.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Algorithms*
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Elbow Joint / physiology
Electromyography / methods*
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction / physiology*
Male
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Physical Exertion / physiology
Sample Size
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
Statistics as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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