Document Detail


Effects of mibefradil, a T- and L-type calcium channel blocker, on cardiac remodeling in the UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamster.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11504162     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abnormalities of T-type calcium channel function reported to occur in the transition phase to heart failure in the hamster cardiomyopathy may contribute to progression of the disease. We tested the hypothesis that chronic exposure to mibefradil, a selective T-type calcium channel blocker, improves the deleterious cardiac remodeling observed in this condition. In the present study, 40 normal (N) and 40 UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamsters (CMH), aged 180 days, were treated daily by gavage for 21 days with mibefradil (30 mg/Kg). Eight to 10 animals from each group were sacrificed at the end of the treatment period while the remainder were followed for an additional 30 days without treatment (washout period). Hearts were harvested, fixed with 10%-buffered paraformaldehyde and then cut in half down the middle. Several slices were dehydrated, embedded in paraffin and stained with Masson Trichrome. Wall thickness and dilatation index of the left ventricle were estimated by planimetry. Myocardial capillary density was also computed. The greater heart weight/body weight ratio seen in untreated CMH (7.7 +/- 0.4 vs 5.5 +/- 0.2 in N, p < 0.05) was improved with mibefradil. The dilatation index averaged 0.504 +/- 0.04 in N was increased in untreated CMH (0.566 +/- 0.03) and ameliorated in mibefradil-treated CMH. The 1-month washout period led to further deterioration of the dilatation index in untreated and mibefradil-treated CMH. Capillary density averaged 10,000 +/- 781 per mm2 in hearts from untreated N hamsters and 8,830 +/- 795 per mm2 in untreated CMH (p = NS). Chronic exposure to mibefradil resulted in a significant reduction of capillary density in both N and CMH hearts. Following the 1-month washout period, the change in myocardial capillary density associated with mibefradil was no longer detectable. In conclusion, chronic exposure to mibefradil, a T- and L-type calcium channel blocker, exerts opposite effects during the transition phase to heart failure in CMH, improving the deleterious left ventricular remodeling in UM-X7.1 hamsters and reducting myocardial capillary density independently of the disease process.
Authors:
J Villame; J Massicotte; G Jasmin; L Dumont
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular drugs and therapy / sponsored by the International Society of Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0920-3206     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Drugs Ther     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-15     Completed Date:  2002-01-31     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712220     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Drugs Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Département de pharmacologie, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, QC, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight / drug effects
Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology*
Calcium Channels, L-Type / drug effects*
Calcium Channels, T-Type / drug effects*
Capillaries / pathology
Cardiomyopathies / pathology*
Cricetinae
Heart Failure / drug therapy,  pathology
Mesocricetus
Mibefradil / pharmacology*
Myocardium / pathology
Organ Size / drug effects
Ventricular Remodeling / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 0/Calcium Channels, L-Type; 0/Calcium Channels, T-Type; 116644-53-2/Mibefradil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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