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Effects of metformin on BRIN-BD11 beta-cell insulin secretory desensitization induced by prolonged exposure to sulphonylureas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20977577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Prolonged exposure of pancreatic beta-cells in vitro to the sulphonylureas tolbutamide and glibenclamide induces subsequent desensitization of insulinotropic pathways. Clinically, the insulin-sensitizing biguanide drug metformin is often administered alongside sulphonylurea as antidiabetic therapy. The present study examines the functional effects of metformin (200 µM) on tolbutamide- and glibenclamide-induced desensitisation.
METHODS: Acute and prolonged (18 h) effects of exposure to tolbutamide and glibenclamide alone, or in the presence of metformin, were examined in insulin-secreting BRIN-BD11 cells.
RESULTS: In acute 20 min incubations at 1.1 mM glucose, metformin increased (1.2-1.7-fold; p < 0.001) the insulin-releasing actions of tolbutamide and glibenclamide. At 16.7 mM glucose, metformin significantly enhanced glibenclamide-induced insulin release at all concentrations (50-400 µM) examined, but tolbutamide-stimulated insulin secretion was only augmented at higher concentrations (300-400 µM). Exposure for 18 h to 100 µM tolbutamide or glibenclamide significantly impaired insulin release in response to glucose and a broad range of insulin secretagogues. Concomitant culture with metformin (200 µM) prevented or partially reversed many of the adverse effects on K(ATP) channel dependent and independent insulinotropic pathways. Beneficial effects of metformin were also observed in cells exposed to glibenclamide for 18 h with significant improvements in the insulin secretory responsiveness to alanine, GLP-1 and sulphonylureas. The decrease of viable cell numbers observed with glibenclamide was reversed by co-culture with metformin, but cellular insulin content was depressed.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that metformin can prevent the aspects of sulphonylurea-induced beta-cell desensitization.
Authors:
N Irwin; J M McKinney; C J Bailey; P R Flatt; N H McClenaghan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes, obesity & metabolism     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1463-1326     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetes Obes Metab     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883645     Medline TA:  Diabetes Obes Metab     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1066-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
SAAD Centre for Pharmacy and Diabetes, University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK. n.irwin@ulster.ac.uk
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