Document Detail

Effects of medical elastic compression stockings on interface pressure and edema prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9246170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although medical elastic compression stockings are widely used in venous diseases their effects on the venous system are still largely unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pressure of these medical elastic compression stockings on the skin and their edema protective effects. METHODS: On 18 legs the interface pressure of the stocking on the skin was measured with the aid of an interface pressure measuring instrument (Oxford Pressure Monitor). Five different kinds of medical elastic compression stockings were used. On 11 legs the edema protective effects of the different stockings was evaluated with the use of air-plethysmography. RESULTS: All medical elastic compression stockings used in this study, especially the flat-knitted, showed a good pressure gradient from the B1 level upwards. High pressures were measured at the dorsal foot and the pre-tibial zone. During cuff inflation a special edema protective effect was found in the round-knitted class II stockings. CONCLUSIONS: All class II and III medical elastic compression stockings used in this study have a sufficient pressure (especially class III) and pressure gradient for the treatment of patients with chronic venous insufficiency. Especially round-knitted stockings revealed high pressures on the danger areas such as the dorsal foot. All class II and III stockings provided an effective edema preventive effect; the round-knitted stockings have the best performance, due to their rubber components.
J C Veraart; H A Neumann
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1076-0512     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatol Surg     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-20     Completed Date:  1997-08-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504371     Medline TA:  Dermatol Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  867-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, Academisch Ziekenhuis, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Bandages* / classification
Edema / etiology,  prevention & control*
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Leg / blood supply
Middle Aged
Skin / blood supply,  physiopathology*
Venous Insufficiency / complications,  therapy

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