Document Detail


Effects of meal size, clutch, and metabolism on the energy efficiencies of juvenile Burmese pythons, Python molurus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17913527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We explored meal size and clutch (i.e., genetic) effects on the relative proportion of ingested energy that is absorbed by the gut (apparent digestive efficiency), becomes available for metabolism and growth (apparent assimilation efficiency), and is used for growth (production efficiency) for juvenile Burmese pythons (Python molurus). Sibling pythons were fed rodent meals equaling 15%, 25%, and 35% of their body mass and individuals from five different clutches were fed rodent meals equaling 25% of their body mass. For each of 11-12 consecutive feeding trials, python body mass was recorded and feces and urate of each snake was collected, dried, and weighed. Energy contents of meals (mice and rats), feces, urate, and pythons were determined using bomb calorimetry. For siblings fed three different meal sizes, growth rate increased with larger meals, but there was no significant variation among the meal sizes for any of the calculated energy efficiencies. Among the three meal sizes, apparent digestive efficiency, apparent assimilation efficiency, and production efficiency averaged 91.0%, 84.7%, and 40.7%, respectively. In contrast, each of these energy efficiencies varied significantly among the five different clutches. Among these clutches production efficiency was negatively correlated with standard metabolic rate (SMR). Clutches containing individuals with low SMR were therefore able to allocate more of ingested energy into growth.
Authors:
Christian L Cox; Stephen M Secor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2007-09-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  148     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2008-05-29     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  861-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0344, USA. clcox@bama.ua.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Nutrition Sciences
Animals
Body Weight
Boidae
Calorimetry / methods
Digestion*
Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
Eating
Energy Metabolism*
Feeding Behavior
Growth
Models, Biological
Oxygen Consumption
Postprandial Period
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DI 08878//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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