Document Detail


Effects of maternal breathing rate, psychiatric status, and cortisol on fetal heart rate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21400485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Women's experiences during pregnancy are predictive of variation in neurobehavioral profiles in their children. Few studies have assessed these relationships during the prenatal period. In 113 women in the 36(th) -38(th) gestational week (mean age 26.3 ± 5.4 years), electrocardiogram, blood pressure, respiration, salivary cortisol, and fetal heart rate (HR) were measured during baseline, a psychological challenge (Stroop color-word matching task), and a standardized paced breathing protocol. Subjects underwent the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV prior to testing and were grouped as: depressed, co-morbid for depression and anxiety, anxiety disorder only, and control. There was a significant main effect of maternal diagnostic group on fetal HR only during the Stroop task: fetuses of women in the co-morbid group had a greater HR increase compared to controls (p < .05). Overall, fetuses showed robust increases in HR during paced breathing (p < .0001), and there was no significant difference by maternal diagnosis. For both tasks, changes in fetal HR were independent of women's concurrent cardiorespiratory activity. Finally, although cortisol was higher in the co-morbid group (p < .05), across all participants, there was a trend for maternal baseline cortisol to be positively associated with average fetal HR (p = .06). These findings indicate that variation in fetal HR reactivity-an index of emerging regulatory capacities-is likely influenced by multiple acute and chronic factors associated with women's psychobiology.
Authors:
Catherine Monk; William P Fifer; Michael M Myers; Emilia Bagiella; Jimmy K Duong; Ivy S Chen; Lauren Leotti; Arman Altincatal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychobiology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1098-2302     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychobiol     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-14     Completed Date:  2011-07-25     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0164074     Medline TA:  Dev Psychobiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Pressure / physiology
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Rate, Fetal / physiology*
Humans
Hydrocortisone / analysis,  metabolism*
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Questionnaires
Respiratory Rate / physiology*
Saliva / chemistry
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology
Stroop Test
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 MH001928/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH001928-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R37 HD032774/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
WI4X0X7BPJ/Hydrocortisone
Comments/Corrections

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