Document Detail


Effects of mask fitness and worker education on the prevention of occupational dust exposure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18464883     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To decrease the incidence of pneumoconiosis, we examined dust protective mask performance and its relation to pulmonary function as well as the effects of worker education on the proper wearing of masks. One hundred and seventy-eight workers from 15 factories subject to dust exposure participated in this study. All participants were interviewed to obtain relevant personal information and underwent both a mask leakage and a pulmonary function test. The mask leakage was expressed as a percentage, with under 10% leakage indicating that the dust protective mask worked efficiently. In addition, 23 workers from 2 factories were educated on how to wear masks properly. The average mask leakage was 24.3%, and 58% of workers wore ineffective masks. Though pulmonary function was almost normal, the percent vital capacity (%VC) tended to be lower depending on the mask leakage. Mask education, which was very easy and took only a short time, dramatically decreased average mask leakage from 32.1% to 10.5% (p0.001). Educating workers to wear masks properly might prevent the worsening of pulmonary function in response to dust exposure. Appropriate mask fitness by education could be useful in preventing the development of pneumoconiosis.
Authors:
Yoko Takemura; Takumi Kishimoto; Tomoko Takigawa; Shinji Kojima; Bing-Ling Wang; Noriko Sakano; Da-Hong Wang; Jiro Takaki; Tadashi Nishide; Kou Ishikawa; Keiki Ogino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta medica Okayama     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0386-300X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Med. Okayama     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-09     Completed Date:  2008-06-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417611     Medline TA:  Acta Med Okayama     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects
Dust*
Equipment Failure*
Humans
Inhalation Exposure
Inservice Training*
Interviews as Topic
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure*
Pneumoconiosis / prevention & control*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Protective Devices* / utilization
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0/Dust

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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