Document Detail

Effects of marijuana on human pregnancy, labor, and delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6981779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We conducted a prospective study of the effects of marijuana use in 35 pregnancies. Thirty-six age- and parity-matched nonuser pregnancies were selected for comparison. (Users of other illicit drugs were excluded from study.) Users and nonusers were similar with respect to most potentially confounding prenatal risk factors, although users tended to come from lower income and educational background. Most adverse outcomes of pregnancy were too infrequent to allow reliable comparisons between the groups, but the infants born to users exhibited significantly more meconium staining (57%, versus 25% in nonusers). Significant differences in duration of labor were also observed. Possible reasons for these findings are discussed.
S Greenland; K J Staisch; N Brown; S J Gross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobehavioral toxicology and teratology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0275-1380     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurobehav Toxicol Teratol     Publication Date:    1982 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8104162     Medline TA:  Neurobehav Toxicol Teratol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  447-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight / drug effects
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / chemically induced
Marijuana Abuse / complications*
Obstetric Labor Complications / chemically induced*
Pregnancy Complications / chemically induced*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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