Document Detail


Effects of load and speed on lumbar vertebral kinematics during lifting motions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14529200     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This experimental study investigated the effects of load magnitude and movement speed on lumbar vertebral kinematics during lifting task performance. Ten participants performed sagittally symmetric lifting movements with systematically varied load using either a normal or a faster-than-normal speed. Skin-surface markers were strategically placed over the participants' spinous processes and other landmarks representing major body joints and were recorded during the movements by a motion capture system. The center of rotation (COR) locations and segmental movement profiles for lumbar vertebrae L2 to L5 were derived and analyzed. Results suggested that (a) the COR locations and vertebral angular displacement were not significantly affected by the speed or load variation; (b) a faster speed tended to shorten the time to complete the acceleration for all the lumbar vertebrae considered; and (c) the load increase incurred a tendency for the L5 to complete the primary displacement in a briefer time while enduring greater peak acceleration and velocity. The findings lead to a better understanding of the relation between lifting dynamics and spinal motion. Potential applications of this research include the development of more accurate biomechanical models and software tools for depicting spinal motions and quantifying low-back stress.
Authors:
Xudong Zhang; Jinjun Xiong; Angela M Bishop
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human factors     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0018-7208     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Factors     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-07     Completed Date:  2003-11-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374660     Medline TA:  Hum Factors     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  296-306     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA. xudong@uiuc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Biomechanics*
Female
Humans
Lifting*
Lumbar Vertebrae / physiology*
Male
Task Performance and Analysis*
United States
Weight-Bearing / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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