Document Detail


Effects of lifestyle modifications on C-reactive protein: contribution of weight loss and improved aerobic capacity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16713444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We analyzed the effects of lifestyle modifications including exercise training on hs-CRP in 47 overweight and obese adults. Subjects were divided into a lifestyle modification group (n=23) (exercise and diet instruction) and a control group (n=24) who did not participate in any lifestyle modification. After 3 months, body weight (80.8+/-11.5 to 73.5+/-10.7 kg, P<.01), total cholesterol (217+/-38.4 to 178.0+/-25.6 mg/dL, P<.01), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (151.3+/-34.9 to 116.7+/-27.8 mg/dL, P<.01), Vo(2)peak (30.3+/-5.1 to 37.1+/-6.9 mL/[kg . min], P<.01), and log hs-CRP (0.75+/-0.4 to 0.56+/-0.3 mg/dL, P=.01) were significantly improved in the lifestyle modification group, but there was no significant improvement in the control group. Changes in log hs-CRP were associated with changes in Vo(2)peak (r=-0.41, P=.004) and changes in weight loss (r=0.42, P=.004). In stepwise multiple regression analysis, weight loss (P=.034) and improved Vo(2)peak (P=.039) were independent predictors of the changes in hs-CRP. When grouped into quartiles according to decreasing weight and increasing Vo(2)peak, levels of changes in log hs-CRP improved across quartiles of weight loss (P<.05) and improved Vo(2)peak (P<.01). Thus, lifestyle changes including regular exercise training in overweight and obese adults decreased hs-CRP, and this was associated with weight loss and improved Vo(2)peak.
Authors:
Sae Young Jae; Bo Fernhall; Kevin S Heffernan; Mihye Jeong; Eun Mi Chun; Jidong Sung; Sun Hee Lee; Yun Jeong Lim; Won Hah Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0026-0495     ISO Abbreviation:  Metab. Clin. Exp.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-22     Completed Date:  2006-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  825-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exercise and Cardiovascular Research Lab, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL 61820, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous
C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
Cholesterol / blood
Exercise Therapy
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Reduction Behavior*
Weight Loss
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-88-5/Cholesterol; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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