Document Detail


Effects of a laughter and exercise program on physiological and psychological health among community-dwelling elderly in Japan: randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22672359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To examine the effects of a once-weekly laughter and exercise program on physical and psychological health among elderly people living in the community. As a regular exercise program can be difficult to maintain, we provided a more enjoyable program to enhance adherence to exercise.
METHODS: A total of 27 individuals aged 60 years or older, without disabilities, were randomly assigned to either an immediate treatment group (n=14) or a delayed treatment group (n=13). The intervention was a 120-min session consisting of laughter and exercise, carried out once a week for 10 consecutive weeks. Measurements taken at baseline, 3 and 6 months included bodyweight, height, body fat, lean mass, bone mineral density, hemoglobin A1c (HbA(1c)), glucose, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides, as well as self-rated health and psychological factors.
RESULTS: All participants completed the 3-month program. Bone mineral density increased significantly in the immediate treatment group compared with the delayed treatment group during the first 3 months (P<0.001). In addition, HbA(1c) decreased significantly (P=0.001), and self-rated health increased significantly (P=0.012).
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of a laughter and exercise program might have physiological and psychological health benefits for the elderly. Laughter might be an effective strategy to motivate the elderly to participate in physical activity.
Authors:
Mayumi Hirosaki; Tetsuya Ohira; Mitsugu Kajiura; Masahiko Kiyama; Akihiko Kitamura; Shinichi Sato; Hiroyasu Iso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-06-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Geriatrics & gerontology international     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1447-0594     ISO Abbreviation:  Geriatr Gerontol Int     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-04     Completed Date:  2013-06-17     Revised Date:  2013-07-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101135738     Medline TA:  Geriatr Gerontol Int     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Japan Geriatrics Society.
Affiliation:
Department of Field Medicine, Graduate School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. mayu@kansai-u.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged / physiology*,  psychology*
Anthropometry
Bone Density
Cross-Over Studies
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Geriatric Assessment
Humans
Japan
Laughter*
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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