Document Detail


Effects of lactation and pregnancy on metabolic and hormonal responses and expression of selected conceptus and endometrial genes of Holstein dairy cattle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22863093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives were to characterize postpartum metabolic and hormonal differences between nonlactating and lactating dairy cows, evaluate lactation and pregnancy effects on endometrium and conceptus expression of selected genes, and characterize associations between conceptus and endometrial expression of genes in early pregnancy (d 17). Pregnant heifers were assigned randomly after calving to a lactating group (L, n = 17) and a nonlactating group (NL, n = 16). The L cows were fed a total mixed ration [1.65 Mcal of net energy for lactation (NE(L))/kg, 16.5% crude protein (CP)] ad libitum, and the NL cows were fed a maintenance ration (1.45 Mcal of NE(L)/kg, 12.2% CP) once per day. All cows were presynchronized and enrolled in a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol; 10 cows in the L and 12 in the NL received TAI. On d 17 after GnRH and TAI, cows were slaughtered and endometrial and conceptus tissues collected. The Affymetrix Bovine Genome DNA Microarray (Affymetrix Inc., Santa Clara, CA) was used to assess conceptus and endometrial gene expression. The L cows had higher body temperature than the NL cows (38.4 vs. 38.2°C), and the NL cows cycled earlier than the L cows (26.3 vs. 34.7 d in milk). Cows in the L group had greater plasma concentrations of β-hydroxybutyrate (4.90 vs. 2.97 mg/dL) and blood urea N (11.6 vs. 6.5 mg/dL) and lower concentrations of glucose (74.0 vs. 79.9 mg/dL) compared with NL cows. Insulin-like growth factor-1 was lower for L compared with NL (140.5 vs. 198.2 ng/mL) and was greater for cows subsequently classified pregnant compared with cyclic (191.0 vs. 147.6 ng/mL). The concentration of progesterone from GnRH or TAI (d 0) until d 17 was lower for L cows than for NL cows. Gene expression analyses indicated that all conceptuses (n = 13) expressed pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) genes PAG2, PAG8, PAG11, and PAG12. The same PAG family genes were observed in the endometrium of some pregnant cows. Simple and standard partial correlation analyses detected associations of conceptus PAG11 with prostaglandin regulatory genes. In conclusion, lactation altered metabolic status, delayed initiation of cyclicity, and decreased concentrations of progesterone in pregnant cows. Early expression of PAG genes in the conceptus may contribute to successful development of early pregnancy and possibly alter mechanisms related with embryo survival such as prostaglandin synthesis.
Authors:
I M Thompson; R L A Cerri; I H Kim; A D Ealy; P J Hansen; C R Staples; W W Thatcher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.
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