Document Detail


Effects of lactation length and weaning-to-service interval on subsequent farrowing rate and litter size in Landrace and Yorkshire sows in Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11191874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of lactation length (LL) on weaning-to-service interval (WSI), and the effect of LL and WSI on the subsequent farrowing rate and litter size among purebred Landrace and Yorkshire sows under tropical conditions. The variation in litter weight at weaning (LWW) was also studied. Data were analyzed from three purebred sow herds located in the central part of Thailand, including sows weaned during the period from January 1993 to December 1996. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance using SAS software. The procedure MIXED was used for analysis of the continuous outcome variables (namely LL, LWW, WSI, number of total born and number of live born piglets). The GLIMMIX macro was used for analysis of the categorical outcome variable, farrowing rate (FR). In the statistical analyses, WSI was grouped into 7 groups, when it was an independent variable, as follows: 1 to 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, to 10, and 11 to 21 days. Lactation length was grouped into 4 groups as follows: 17 to 24, 25 to 27, 28 to 30 and 31 to 35 days. Parities were grouped into 4 groups as follows: 1, 2, 3 + 4, and 5 to 8. Landrace sows had significantly higher LWW (P < 0.001) compared with Yorkshire sows (56.1 vs. 53.6 kg). The LL was significantly (P < 0.05) shorter during the cool season than during the other seasons while no difference was found in LWW between the hot and the cool season. The LL had no effect on WSI, FR and litter sizes. The FR was significantly lower when the WSI was 7 to 10 days than when the WSI was 1 to 6 days. An increase in WSI between Days 9 to 10 and Day 21 resulted in a significant increase in FR. Subsequent litter size decreased by about 0.5 piglets when the WSI increased from 1 to 5 days to 6 to 7 days. Thereafter, litter size increased as the WSI increased from 9 to 10 days to 21 days.
Authors:
W Tantasuparuk; N Lundeheim; A M Dalin; A Kunavongkrit; S Einarsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-15     Completed Date:  2001-02-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1525-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Female
Lactation*
Litter Size*
Pregnancy
Swine / physiology*
Thailand
Time Factors
Tropical Climate
Weaning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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