Document Detail


Effects of ischemic preconditioning on vascular reactivity and calcium sensitivity after hemorrhagic shock and their relationship to the Rho A–Rho-kinase pathway in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21107281     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on vascular reactivity and calcium sensitivity after hemorrhagic shock and its relationship to the Rho A–Rho-kinase pathway. Using hemorrhagic-shock rats (40 mm Hg for 3 hours) and isolated rings of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), the effects of IPC (abdominal aorta occlusion applied 2 hours before shock) on the pressor effect of norepinephrine (3 μg/kg), vascular reactivity and calcium sensitivity of SMA, and the activity and role of Rho A and Rho-kinase were investigated. IPC with 1-minute occlusion plus 5-minute loosening of aneurysm clips thrice significantly increased survival time and prevalence of survival at 24 hours of hemorrhagic-shock rats. This IPC condition also significantly increased the pressor response of norepinephrine and significantly improved the vascular reactivity and calcium sensitivity of the SMA. The activity of Rho-kinase and Rho A in the SMA decreased after hemorrhagic shock, but increased after IPC. Y-27632 (Rho-kinase antagonist) and C3 Transferase (Rho A antagonist) significantly decreased IPC-induced increase in vascular reactivity and calcium sensitivity. These results suggested that IPC can improve shock-induced vascular hyporeactivity and calcium desensitization. The Rho A–Rho-kinase pathway played an important part in this process. These findings suggested that the Rho A–Rho-kinase pathway may be a potential target to treat vascular hyporeactivity in severe trauma, shock, or multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome.
Authors:
Yi Hu; Tao Li; Xiao Feng Tang; Ken Chen; Liangming Liu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1533-4023     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Second Department of Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Daping, Chongqing 400042, China.
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