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Effects of iodine deficiency in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22565014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dietary iodine requirements are increased in pregnancy due to increased thyroid hormone production, increased renal iodine losses, and fetal iodine requirements. Adverse effects of iodine deficiency in pregnancy include maternal and fetal goiter, cretinism, intellectual impairments, neonatal hypothyroidism, and increased pregnancy loss and infant. Dietary iodine requirements remain increased in lactation due to the concentration of iodine in breast milk. Iodine deficiency remains a significant global public health problem. Excess iodine ingestion in pregnancy, while a relatively uncommon problem, may also have adverse fetal effects. However, the safe upper limit for chronic iodine ingestion in pregnancy and lactation is not currently well defined.
Authors:
Elizabeth N Pearce
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-3252     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508274     Medline TA:  J Trace Elem Med Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
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