Document Detail

Effects of investment type and casting system on permeability and castability of CP titanium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20654768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Several factors, such as casting systems and investment properties, are important to obtain a sound titanium casting. Although various casting systems and investments for titanium are commercially available, their effects on CP titanium castability are not clear.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine permeability of investments and to evaluate the effects of investment type and casting system on titanium castability.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three investments for titanium (experimental gypsum-bonded investment, Selevest CB, and Speed Titan) and 4 titanium casting systems (Cyclarc, Ti-Cascom, Vulcan T, and Ticast Super R) were used. Permeability was measured using a flow meter and argon gas at 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 MPa. Castability was calculated as the percentage of reproduced holes compared to a perforated wax pattern. Data for castability and permeability were analyzed separately with 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (alpha=.05).
RESULTS: The ANOVA for permeability and castability showed significant interaction (P<.001 and P=.004, respectively). Differences in permeability among the 3 investments increased with a higher gas pressure. Permeability of the experimental investment at each pressure level was significantly greater than that of the other investments, except for Speed Titan at 0.1 MPa (P<.05). The permeability of Selevest CB at each pressure level was significantly less than that of the other investments (P<.05). Cyclarc and Ti-Cascom specimens were not significantly different, in terms of castability, using the investments evaluated, but castability of Vulcan T and Ticast specimens varied significantly by the investment used (P<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, investment type, pressure level, and their combinations influenced permeability. Castability of titanium was influenced by investment type, casting system, and their combinations. The investment with the highest permeability did not demonstrate the best result for castability.
Fazal Reza; Hidekazu Takahashi; Naohiko Iwasaki; Yukimichi Tamaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of prosthetic dentistry     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1097-6841     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prosthet Dent     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-26     Completed Date:  2010-11-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376364     Medline TA:  J Prosthet Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-21     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 The Editorial Council of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Dental Casting Investment / chemistry,  classification*
Dental Casting Technique*
Dental Impression Materials / chemistry
Dental Materials / chemistry*
Dental Prosthesis Design / methods*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Titanium / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Casting Investment; 0/Dental Impression Materials; 0/Dental Materials; 7440-32-6/Titanium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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