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Effects of intravenous atrial natriuretic peptide and nitroglycerin on coronary vasodilation and flow velocity determined using 3 T magnetic resonance imaging in patients with nonischemic heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23014927     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is widely used in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), little is known about its effect on epicardial coronary arteries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables precise measurement of coronary vasodilation and flow velocity. In this study, we examined the changes in epicardial coronary artery size and flow velocity in response to intravenous infusion of ANP or nitroglycerin (NTG) by using 3 T MRI in patients with CHF. The study cohort contained a total of 14 subjects: 8 patients with CHF and 6 healthy volunteers as controls, randomly divided into two groups: the ANP group (0.03 μg/kg/min) and the NTG group (0.3 μg/kg/min). Cross-sectional MR angiography and phase-contrast flow velocity of the right coronary artery in the same in-plane slice were obtained at the baseline, during drug infusion, and at two subsequent time points after stopping drug infusion. A significant increase was observed in the coronary cross-sectional area at 15 min after drug infusion in both groups compared with that at baseline; however, a late peak was observed at 15 min after stopping infusion in the ANP group. No significant differences were detected in the flow velocity in both groups. Furthermore, although NTG increased the heart rate, this change was not found in the ANP group. Coronary vasodilation and flow velocity can be measured simultaneously using 3 T MRI. Using this method, we showed that the effects of ANP on the coronary artery vasodilation and flow velocity were not inferior to those of NTG, with no significant alteration in heart rate.
Authors:
Shoichi Ehara; Yasuhiro Nakamura; Kenji Matsumoto; Takao Hasegawa; Kenei Shimada; Masahiko Takagi; Akihisa Hanatani; Yasukatsu Izumi; Masahiro Terashima; Minoru Yoshiyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart and vessels     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-2573     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Vessels     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511258     Medline TA:  Heart Vessels     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan, ehara@med.osaka-cu.ac.jp.
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