Document Detail

Effects of intrauterine growth on intestinal length in the human fetus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8260549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Standards for human fetal intestinal length are not well established but have important implications for the care of the preterm and intra-uterine growth-retarded (IUGR) infant. Our purpose was to examine the relationship between intra-uterine growth and intestinal length in the human fetus. One hundred infants were studied. Birth weight and gestational age ranged from 76 to 4,385 g and from 12 to 42 weeks, respectively. Twenty-one infants were noted to be IUGR. Intestinal length (total, small, large) increased (p < 0.0001) with birth weight, gestational age, and crown-heel length but was reduced in IUGR infants. The ratio of body weight to intestinal length increased with gestation but was also reduced in IUGR infants. In conclusion, a reduced functional mass, as suggested by decreased intestinal length or body weight:intestinal length ratio, may contribute to the poor weight sometimes seen in the very-low-birth weight or IUGR infant.
D R Shanklin; R J Cooke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology of the neonate     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0006-3126     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Neonate     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-27     Completed Date:  1994-01-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0247551     Medline TA:  Biol Neonate     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Pediatrics, University of Tennessee, Memphis.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Embryonic and Fetal Development*
Fetal Growth Retardation / pathology
Fetus / anatomy & histology*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Intestines / embryology*
Reference Values

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