Document Detail

Effects of inhaled oxygen (up to 40%) on periodic breathing and apnea in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1537704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To discover whether increases in inhaled O2 fraction (FIO2; up to 40%) decrease apnea via an increase in minute ventilation (VE) or a change in respiratory pattern, 15 preterm infants (birth weight 1,300 +/- 354 g, gestational age 29 +/- 2 wk, postnatal age 20 +/- 9 days) breathed 21, 25, 30, 35, and 40% O2 for 10 min in quiet sleep. A nosepiece and a flow-through system were used to measure ventilation. Alveolar PCO2, transcutaneous PO2, and sleep states were also assessed. All infants had periodic breathing with apneas greater than or equal to 3 s. With an increase in FIO2 breathing became more regular and apneas decreased (P less than 0.001). This regularization in breathing was not associated with significant changes in VE. However, the variability of VE, tidal volume, and expiratory and inspiratory times decreased significantly. The results indicate that the more regular breathing observed with small increases in FIO2 was not associated with significant changes in ventilation. The findings suggest that the increased oxygenation decreases apnea and periodicity in preterm infants, not via an increase in ventilation, but through a decrease in breath-to-breath variability of VE.
Z Weintraub; R Alvaro; K Kwiatkowski; D Cates; H Rigatto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  72     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-30     Completed Date:  1992-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Apnea / physiopathology*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Oxygen* / administration & dosage
Respiration / physiology*
Tidal Volume
Reg. No./Substance:

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