Document Detail


Effects of industrial and urban pollution on the benthic macrofauna in the Bay of Muggia (industrial port of Trieste, Italy).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15207588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The benthic macrofauna of the Bay of Muggia and its evolution in time was analysed in order to assess the impact of man-made pollution in this port area. The north and NE zones are totally industrialised while the southern zone is mainly used for tourism and aquaculture. The most important anthropic impacts were stagnation and direct urban and industrial discharges, which operated until the beginning of the 1990s. Forty-four stations were sampled in 1981, 12 of which were monitored over time (1975, 1981 and 1994). From 172 taxa 11783 organisms were identified. Polychaetes were the richest group, followed by molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms. The dominant species was Corbula gibba (39.5%) followed by Pectinaria koreni (9%). Uni- and multivariate analyses showed a declining pattern for the fauna along a gradient of environmental stress. The very high concentrations of heavy metals in the Bay's sediments, especially Pb, contrasted with the diversity and biological index values found, indicating that many species could survive these conditions. The enforcement of the Italian ecological laws regarding water pollution control benefited the local macrofauna and evidenced the resilience of the system. C. gibba constituted a good biological indicator of zones of high instability (especially sedimentary) and of intermediate levels of pollution.
Authors:
V Solis-Weiss; F Aleffi; N Bettoso; P Rossin; G Orel; S Fonda-Umani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  328     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-21     Completed Date:  2004-08-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Lab. Ecologia Costera, ICML-UNAM, Mexico DF, Mexico.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cluster Analysis
Ecosystem*
Environmental Monitoring / statistics & numerical data*
Invertebrates / drug effects,  physiology*
Italy
Mediterranean Sea
Metals, Heavy / analysis*,  toxicity
Multivariate Analysis
Time Factors
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*,  toxicity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals, Heavy; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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