Document Detail


Effects of industrial pollution on respiratory morbidity among female residents of India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18628080     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The authors evaluated the respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function test results (forced vital capacity [FVC], forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], and ratio of FEV1 to FVC [FEV1%]) of female residents of the critically polluted industrial estate of Vapi, Gujarat (state), India, and compared these with control information derived from a village 20 km away. The authors categorized the studied residents as living in Vapi, in town, or in villages proximal to the Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation; living 2 to 3 km away from Vapi; living 3 to 5 km away from Vapi; and being in the control group. The authors found no significant association between respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function among Vapi residents. However, the obstructive type of abnormality was most predominant and significantly different among Vapi residents. The restrictive type was highly prevalent among residents living 2 to 3 km away from Vapi compared with the control group. These results suggest significant respiratory morbidity among residents that was associated with age and distance from the development corporation.
Authors:
Shruti Patel; Mohan Rao Ramaiah Nellore; Harsiddha G Sadhu; Pradeep K Kulkarni; Bhupendra D Patel; Dinesh J Parikh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental & occupational health     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1933-8244     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Environ Occup Health     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-16     Completed Date:  2008-09-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101282564     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Occup Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad, India. shinysp@rediffmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants / toxicity*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
Humans
India / epidemiology
Industry*
Odds Ratio
Respiration Disorders / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Vital Capacity / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants

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