Document Detail

Effects of hydrochloric, valeric, and other volatile fatty acids on pathogenesis of ulcers in the nonglandular portion of the stomach of horses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12693529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To identify in vitro effects of hydrochloric acid, valeric acid, and other volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the pathogenesis of ulcers in the nonglandular portion of the equine stomach. SAMPLE POPULATION: Gastric tissues from 13 adult horses. PROCEDURE: Nonglandular gastric mucosa was studied by use of Ussing chambers. Short-circuit current (Isc) and potential difference were measured and electrical resistance and conductance calculated after tissues were bathed in normal Ringer's solution (NRS) or NRS and hydrochloric, valeric, acetic, propionic, and butyric acids. Treated tissues were examined histologically. RESULTS: Incubation in 60mM valeric acid at pH < or = 7.0 abruptly and irreversibly abolished Isc, which was followed by a slower decrease in resistance and an increase in conductance. Incubation in 60mM acetic, propionic, and butyric acids and, to a lesser extent, hydrochloric acid at pH < or = 7.0 significantly decreased Isc, which was followed by an increase in resistance and a decrease in conductance. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Incubation in valeric acid at pH < or = 7.0 caused a dramatic decrease in mucosal barrier function in the nonglandular portion of the stomach. Changes in barrier function attributable to exposure to valeric acid were associated with histopathologic evidence of cellular swelling in all layers of the nonglandular mucosa. Because of its high lipid solubility, valeric acid penetrates the nonglandular gastric mucosa, resulting in inhibition of sodium transport and cellular swelling. Valeric acid and other VFAs in gastric contents may contribute to the pathogenesis of ulcers in the nonglandular portion of the stomach of horses.
Jenifer A Nadeau; Frank M Andrews; Clark S Patton; Robert A Argenzio; Alan G Mathew; Arnold M Saxton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-15     Completed Date:  2003-05-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Culture Techniques
Electric Conductivity
Fatty Acids, Volatile / adverse effects*
Horse Diseases / physiopathology
Hydrochloric Acid / adverse effects*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Membrane Potentials / drug effects
Pentanoic Acids / adverse effects*
Sodium / metabolism
Stomach / drug effects*,  pathology
Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced*,  pathology,  veterinary*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Volatile; 0/Pentanoic Acids; 109-52-4/n-pentanoic acid; 7440-23-5/Sodium; 7647-01-0/Hydrochloric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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