Document Detail

Effects of hot water pasteurizing treatments on the microbiological condition of manufacturing beef used for hamburger patty manufacture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11246908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Ten 12-kg lots of manufacturing beef from a single packing plant were obtained from a hamburger patty manufacturing plant. Each lot was divided into two, 6-kg portions, one of which was not treated while the other was treated with water of 85 degrees C. A portion from one lot was treated for 15 s. A portion from each of three lots was treated for 30 s, three portions were treated for 45 s, and three were treated for 60 s. Twenty-five pieces of meat from each portion were swabbed over areas of 100 cm2. Subsequently, each portion was first coarsely ground then finely ground, with twenty-five 100-g samples being taken from each portion at each stage of grinding. Each swab and sample of ground meat was separately processed for the enumeration of total aerobic counts, coliforms and Escherichia coli at levels of detection of 1 cfu/cm2, 1 cfu/100 cm2 and 1 cfu/100 cm2, respectively, for swab samples; and at a level of detection of 1 cfu/g for all three types of bacteria in samples of ground beef. A 250-kg batch of manufacturing beef was treated with water of 85 degrees C for 60 s. The product was processed through commercial equipment for manufacturing frozen hamburger patties. The flavour of patties prepared from the pasteurized product was compared with the flavour of patties prepared during normal commercial operation of the equipment. The weight of the manufacturing beef was not affected by the treatments. Similar total numbers of coliforms or E. coli were recovered per 2500 cm2 from the 25 swab samples or per 25 g from the 25 ground beef samples from each untreated portion. As the ratio of the surface area in cm2 to the weight in g would likely be < or = 1, the similar numbers indicated that swab sampling was inefficient for recovering coliforms and E. coli from the meat. However, coliforms and E. coli were recovered more frequently from swab than from ground beef samples from treated portions. Thus, some swabs from all three portions of beef treated for 30 s yielded coliforms and E. coli, but samples from portions treated for 45 or 60 s yielded few coliforms and no E. coli. The numbers recovered from the treated and untreated portions indicated that treatments for 45 or 60 s reduced both coliform and E. coli numbers by two orders of magnitude. The flavours of cooked patties prepared from the meat pasteurized with water of 85 degrees C for 60 s were not distinguished from the normal commercial product. The data indicate that pasteurizing manufacturing beef with water of 85 degrees C for 45 s could be a practicable treatment for enhancing the microbiological safety of frozen hamburger patties.
C O Gill; J Bryant; M Badoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food microbiology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0168-1605     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-14     Completed Date:  2001-05-17     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412849     Medline TA:  Int J Food Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Agriculture Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta.
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MeSH Terms
Colony Count, Microbial
Disinfection / methods*,  standards
Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification*
Escherichia coli / isolation & purification*
Food Handling / methods*
Food Microbiology
Hot Temperature
Meat Products / microbiology*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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