Document Detail

Effects of a hot environment on simulated cycling and running performance in triathletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18427408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This study examined the effects of a hot environment on metabolic responses, thermoregulation, and performance during simulated cycling and running in triathletes. METHODS: Seven male triathletes completed two trials in moderate (22+/-0.2 degrees C, 76+/-2% relative humidity, M) and hot (31.2+/-0.2 degrees C, 76.4+/-1.6% relative humidity, H) environmental conditions separated by at least 7 days. The subjects were required to complete a self-paced 40 km simulated cycling, followed by a 10 km run on a treadmill for as fast as possible in both trials. RESULTS: The overall performance time was faster in M than H (M vs H, 119+/-6 min vs 127+/-6 min, P<0.01). Moreover, there were no differences in the cycling time between the two trials, but the run time was faster in M (M vs H, 51+/-4 min vs 59+/-5 min, P<0.05) than in H. Ad libitum water consumption was higher in H than in M (H vs M, 970+/-231 mL min(-1) vs 547+/-131 mL min(-1) P<0.05), and the mean skin temperature was also higher in H than in M throughout the exercise (H vs M, 35.3+/-0.1 vs 33.3+/-0.1 degrees C, P<0.05). However, there were no differences in rectal temperature, blood lactate, blood glucose, body mass change, plasma volume change, osmolality, carbohydrate oxidation, and fat oxidation between the trials. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that triathletes reduced their running performance after a 40 km simulated cycling when the ambient temperature was high.
K O W Chan; S H S Wong; Y J Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-22     Completed Date:  2008-09-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance / physiology*
Bicycling / physiology*
Hot Temperature*
Running / physiology*

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