Document Detail

Effects of hospital policies and practices on initiation and duration of breastfeeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19054007     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify if hospital policies and practices, independently of main maternal sociodemographic determinants, influence initiation and duration of breastfeeding. METHODS: The study was carried out at the Immunization Centre of Messina where all infants born in the four maternity wards of Messina are vaccinated, using a structured questionnaire, constructed in conformity with the methodology suggested by the WHO. RESULTS: Data analysis, performed by non-parametric and multivariate analysis of variance and by Kaplan-Meier curves, showed that the highest probability rate (P < 0.001) of initiation and duration of breastfeeding, independently of maternal age, parity, education levels, smoke and work was found in infants born in a University Hospital, characterized by earlier times of first suckling, longer hospital stay and higher rate of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge. CONCLUSION: Our data emphasize the role and responsibility of hospital policies and practices in the promotion, and in the duration of breastfeeding.
R Manganaro; L Marseglia; C Mamì; A Paolata; R Gargano; M Mondello; A Puliafito; M Gemelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2008-11-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child: care, health and development     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1365-2214     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Care Health Dev     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-15     Completed Date:  2009-11-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602632     Medline TA:  Child Care Health Dev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatric and Surgery Sciences, University of Messina, ASL 5, Messina 98100, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / epidemiology,  statistics & numerical data*
Decision Making*
Health Promotion*
Infant, Newborn
Italy / epidemiology
Time Factors

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