Document Detail

Effects of hormone replacement therapy on the sympathetic nervous system and blood pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12724057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is a major health problem that significantly contributes to heart disease and stroke. While most studies of hypertension have focused on men, women also experience significant hypertension-related morbidity and mortality. However, the incidence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease is significantly lower in premenopausal women compared with men until the onset of menopause, at which time cardiovascular disease incidence increases dramatically in women and eventually approaches that in men. These observations indicate that the loss of estrogen contributes to menopause-related increases in blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, and suggest that the use of estrogen hormone replacement therapy could decrease the incidence of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. However, new findings from the Women's Health Initiative study suggest that estrogen therapy has few positive benefits and some significant negative effects on the health of postmenopausal women, and these data have caused many to abandon long-term estrogen replacement therapy. Conversely, numerous clinical and basic research studies indicate that estrogen replacement therapy beneficially reduces blood pressure, thereby decreasing the incidence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Further, several of these studies suggest that one means by which estrogen lowers blood pressure is by decreasing sympathetic nervous system activity. This review examines the evidence supporting estrogen's ability to modulate sympathetic nervous system tone and thereby decrease arterial pressure.
J Michael Wyss; Scott H Carlson
Related Documents :
3888837 - Sex differences in the endocrine predictors of essential hypertension. vasopressin vers...
7888987 - Correlates of blood pressure in yanomami indians of northwestern brazil.
17937797 - Seasonal variation in the incidence of preeclampsia and eclampsia in tropical climatic ...
10501357 - High blood pressure and bone-mineral loss in elderly white women: a prospective study. ...
2457767 - Hemodynamic effects of alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide in healthy volunteers.
2573857 - Role of the medullary vasomotor centre in the development of plateau waves.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current hypertension reports     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1522-6417     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Hypertens. Rep.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-01     Completed Date:  2003-10-03     Revised Date:  2006-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888982     Medline TA:  Curr Hypertens Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0006, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Baroreflex / physiology
Blood Pressure / drug effects*,  physiology
Estrogen Replacement Therapy*
Estrogens / physiology
Menopause / physiology
Premenopause / physiology
Sympathetic Nervous System / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Are low target blood pressure goals justified in persons with diabetes mellitus?
Next Document:  Insulin resistance and the sympathetic nervous system.