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Effects of hip extensor fatigue on lower extremity kinematics during a jump-landing task in women: A controlled laboratory study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22840731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity kinematics may change as a result of impaired hip muscle function, thereby placing athletes at increased risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to examine whether experimentally-induced hip extensor fatigue alters lower extremity kinematics during a jump-landing task in women. METHODS: Forty healthy women were randomly assigned to an experimental group in which participants performed modified Biering-Sørenson tests to fatigue the hip extensors or to a sham control group in which participants performed repeated push-ups to exhaustion. Three-dimensional hip and knee kinematics and gluteus maximus electromyography (EMG) signals were measured during jump-landing tests to examine the effects of hip extensor fatigue. FINDINGS: Hip extension strength decreased in the experimental group by 25% following the intervention, thereby confirming effects of the fatigue intervention. No group×time interactions in hip and knee motions were statistically significant, indicating that hip and knee kinematics did not change following the fatigue-inducing intervention. Gluteus maximus recruitment during the post-fatigue test, however, increased by 55% in the experimental group. INTERPRETATION: A 25% reduction in hip extensor strength did not lead to changes in hip or knee kinematics. Rather, participants accommodated for the loss of strength by recruiting more Gmax activation to complete the task. Gmax recruitment may compensate when hip extensor strength is impaired, suggesting that improved neuromuscular control can influence motor performance when strength is diminished.
Authors:
John H Hollman; Jeffrey M Hohl; Jordan L Kraft; Jeffrey D Strauss; Katie J Traver
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1271     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8611877     Medline TA:  Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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