Document Detail

Effects of high-probability requests on the acquisition and generalization of responses to requests in young children with behavior disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1478913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The failure to respond to requests in young children often is maintained by the reactions of the adults that encounter this behavior. This failure to respond to requests has been identified as a primary reason for the children's exclusion from community, social, and instructional opportunities. Numerous interventions that target the failure to respond have consisted of punishment and reinforcement procedures. More recently, antecedent interventions have focused on changing the context in which a request is delivered. In the current study, high-probability requests were provided as an antecedent to delivering a low-probability request. The requests were delivered by multiple trainers in an attempt to produce generalized appropriate responding to adults who did not use the high-probability sequence. Results showed an immediate increase in appropriate responding in 2 children when the intervention was delivered. In addition, when the intervention was implemented by more than one adult, spontaneous increases in responding also were observed toward adults who had never implemented the request sequence. Improvements in responding to requests were maintained after the intervention was discontinued.
C A Davis; M P Brady; R E Williams; R Hamilton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-05     Completed Date:  1993-02-05     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  905-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Houston.
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MeSH Terms
Aggression / psychology*
Autistic Disorder / psychology,  therapy
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child Behavior Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Cooperative Behavior*
Down Syndrome / psychology,  therapy
Education of Mentally Retarded / methods*
Generalization, Response*

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