Document Detail


Effects of high-probability requests on the acquisition and generalization of responses to requests in young children with behavior disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1478913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The failure to respond to requests in young children often is maintained by the reactions of the adults that encounter this behavior. This failure to respond to requests has been identified as a primary reason for the children's exclusion from community, social, and instructional opportunities. Numerous interventions that target the failure to respond have consisted of punishment and reinforcement procedures. More recently, antecedent interventions have focused on changing the context in which a request is delivered. In the current study, high-probability requests were provided as an antecedent to delivering a low-probability request. The requests were delivered by multiple trainers in an attempt to produce generalized appropriate responding to adults who did not use the high-probability sequence. Results showed an immediate increase in appropriate responding in 2 children when the intervention was delivered. In addition, when the intervention was implemented by more than one adult, spontaneous increases in responding also were observed toward adults who had never implemented the request sequence. Improvements in responding to requests were maintained after the intervention was discontinued.
Authors:
C A Davis; M P Brady; R E Williams; R Hamilton
Related Documents :
14576763 - Starch fermentation by faecal bacteria of infants, toddlers and adults: importance for ...
19403503 - Not just little adults: candidemia epidemiology, molecular characterization, and antifu...
16825993 - Parent perceptions of nutritional issues during their child's treatment for cancer.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-05     Completed Date:  1993-02-05     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  905-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Houston.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aggression / psychology*
Autistic Disorder / psychology,  therapy
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child
Child Behavior Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Cooperative Behavior*
Down Syndrome / psychology,  therapy
Education of Mentally Retarded / methods*
Generalization, Response*
Humans
Male
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Spelling and emergent picture-printed word relations established with delayed identity matching to c...
Next Document:  Formation of cholic acid from 3 alpha, 7 alpha, 12 alpha-trihydroxy-5 beta-cholestanoic acid in huma...